24/04/2024How to Record a Podcast—Equipment, Software, & Techniques
TYX Studio

Podcasting can be an incredibly rewarding way to share your passions, tell stories, or build a community around a specific topic. However, starting a podcast might seem daunting at first. What equipment do you need? How do you plan content that captivates? And once everything is recorded, how do you polish and present your audio to the world? In this guide, we'll walk you through each step of the podcasting process, helping you move from novice to seasoned podcaster.

Table of contents

  1. Planning your podcast
  2. Technical preparation
  3. How to set up your recording environment
  4. Select the right recording and editing software
  5. Learn optimal recording techniques
  6. Tips on remote podcasting
  7. How to promote your podcast
  8. Assess podcast analytics to enhance growth
  9. How to sustain and monetise your podcast

Planning your podcast

The journey to a successful podcast begins long before the microphone is switched on. It starts with meticulous podcast planning. Understanding the basic structure of podcasting can transform your initial ideas into a compelling series that resonates with listeners. Let’s dive into the fundamentals of getting your podcast off the ground.

Understand your intent and audience

Before you hit record, try to get some clarity on what your podcast will cover and who it’s intended for. What are the main themes or topics you want to explore? Who are you talking to? Identifying your niche and understanding your audience’s preferences and pain points will guide your content creation. That way you can ensure it’s both relevant and engaging.

Structure your episodes

Consistency is key in podcasting. not just in how often you publish, but in how your episodes are structured. Will you have interviews, or will it be a solo show? What about interactive segments or Q&As? Structuring your episodes creates a predictable rhythm that listeners can look forward to.

Preparing the content

Preparation can vary from full scripts to bullet-point outlines, but having a clear plan for each episode will help keep your recordings focused and efficient. Decide on the key points you want to cover and any calls to action, like prompting listeners to subscribe or follow you on social media.

Scheduling and consistency

Determine how often you want to release new episodes—weekly, biweekly, monthly? Setting a regular schedule not only commits you to your podcast but also sets expectations for your audience, which is vital for building a loyal listener base.

Technical preparation

The technical side of podcast planning can be daunting at first, but it’s essential. it includes choosing the right equipment, setting up your recording environment, and deciding on podcast recording software A smooth technical setup will ensure high-quality audio, which is essential for keeping your audience engaged.

Choosing the right equipment

Microphone and headphones

Selecting podcast equipment is pivotal for ensuring great audio quality, which greatly impacts listener retention and overall podcast success. Of course, which podcast equipment you go for depends on your budget and goals. Here’s a short guide to the essentials you’ll need to start your podcast with a bang!

Microphone choices

The heart of your podcast setup is the microphone. For beginners, a USB microphone offers an easy, plug-and-play solution, perfect for recording podcasts directly to your computer. As you advance, consider an XLR microphone for better sound quality and flexibility, especially if you’re using multiple microphones for recording with multiple people. Below is a list of microphones well-suited to podcasting:

Blue Yeti USB Microphone – $100-$150: Known for its versatility and ease of use, the Blue Yeti is a favorite among podcasters for its excellent sound quality and built-in features like multiple pickup patterns.

Audio-Technica AT2020 Condenser Microphone – $100-$150: With its studio-quality sound and affordable price, the AT2020 is a popular choice for podcasters looking for professional-level audio recording.

Rode NT1-A Condenser Microphone – $200-$250: Renowned for its low self-noise and clarity, the Rode NT1-A delivers exceptional audio quality, making it a top pick for podcasting and vocal recording.

Shure SM7B Dynamic Microphone – $300-$400: Widely regarded as a staple in the podcasting industry, the SM7B offers broadcast-quality sound and excellent noise rejection, ideal for capturing clear vocals in any environment.

Electro-Voice RE20 Dynamic Microphone – $400-$500: With its smooth, natural sound and robust build quality, the RE20 is a popular choice for professional podcasters and broadcasters seeking reliable performance.

Rode PodMic Dynamic Microphone – $100-$150: Designed specifically for podcasting, the PodMic delivers broadcast-quality sound with a built-in pop filter and robust construction, making it a budget-friendly option for content creators.

Samson Q2U USB/XLR Dynamic Microphone – $50-$100: Offering both USB and XLR connectivity, the Samson Q2U is a versatile microphone suitable for podcasting, live streaming, and recording, with a budget-friendly price tag.

Headphones

Wear headphones while recording to monitor your audio for any potential issues like background noise or volume inconsistencies. Closed-back headphones are recommended for podcast recording to avoid microphone bleed and maintain sound quality. Below is a list of popular podcast headphones:

Audio-Technica ATH-M50x – $150-$200: Known for their excellent sound quality and comfort, these headphones are favored by many podcasters.

Sony MDR-7506 – $80-$100: Renowned for their durability and accurate sound reproduction, these headphones are commonly used in professional audio settings including podcasting.

Sennheiser HD 280 Pro – $100-$150: Offering a balanced sound profile and good noise isolation, these headphones are popular among podcasters and audio professionals.

Beyerdynamic DT 770 Pro – $150-$200: Known for their comfortable fit and detailed sound, these headphones are widely used in podcasting and studio environments.

Audio-Technica ATH-M40x – $100-$150: Similar to the ATH-M50x but at a lower price point, these headphones provide good sound quality and comfort for podcasting.

Shure SRH440 – $80-$100: With a closed-back design for better isolation and accurate sound reproduction, these headphones are popular for podcast monitoring.

AKG K240 Studio – $50-$100: Offering a semi-open design and natural sound reproduction, these headphones are favored by podcasters and musicians alike.

Audio interface

An audio interface is crucial if you choose XLR microphones. It converts microphone signals into a digital format for your computer and enhances sound quality dramatically, crucial for achieving high-quality audio in your episodes.

Pop filters and stands

Pop filters help smooth out plosives, the pops that occur with ‘P’ and ‘B’ sounds, while microphone stands or boom arms keep your setup stable and adjustable, ensuring consistent audio recording quality.

Additional recording gear

For those looking to incorporate sound effects or music, having a digital audio workstation (DAW) equipped with editing software is beneficial. This setup allows for the integration of audio tracks and effects post-recording, which can enhance the production value of your podcast.

How to set up your recording environment

Woman and man recording podcast

Creating an optimal recording environment is essential for capturing high-quality audio and reducing background noise that can detract from the listener’s experience. Here are the steps to prepare a space that enhances your audio quality and sound quality during podcast recording.

Choose a quiet space

Select a room that is inherently quiet to minimise the intrusion of ambient noise. This could be a room with minimal traffic noise and good insulation. For those recording podcasts remotely, ensure your remote guests also choose similarly quiet environments to maintain consistent audio standards across all audio files.

Use soundproofing techniques

To further reduce background noise, consider basic soundproofing techniques. Using thick curtains, carpets, and foam panels can absorb unwanted sounds and echoes, crucial for maintaining pristine audio quality. This investment significantly enhances your recording environment and the overall audio production quality.

Set up the recording space

Arrange your recording space to accommodate all necessary equipment without feeling cramped. Ensure that your microphone is positioned correctly with the pop filter properly installed. If you are using multiple microphones, position each one optimally to capture clear audio from each speaker.

Ensure good internet connectivity

A stable internet connection is paramount, especially when using remote recording software or conducting remote interviews. This ensures that remote podcast recordings are as smooth and interruption-free as possible, which is vital for recording high-quality audio and maintaining the flow of conversation.

Testing equipment

Before each recording session, do a quick test of your audio equipment to ensure everything is working correctly. Check your USB mic and any audio interface setups to troubleshoot issues before you start recording. This step prevents potential problems that could affect your podcast episodes.

Select the right recording and editing software

Man looking at digital audio workstation

Choosing the right recording software is crucial for producing high-quality podcasts. It allows you to capture audio files efficiently, manage multiple audio tracks, and ensure great quality throughout your production. Here’s a look at the types of software you’ll need and what features to consider.

Digital audio workstation (DAW)

A digital audio workstation is essential for both recording and editing your podcast. Popular DAWs like Adobe Audition or Audacity offer comprehensive tools that handle everything from audio recording to complex edits and post-production. These platforms often include editing tools that enhance sound quality, such as noise reduction and audio levelling.

Integration with video

For those interested in creating a video podcast, your software should seamlessly integrate audio and video recordings. Software like Riverside.fm is designed for this purpose, offering synchronised video and audio recording that can be incredibly beneficial if you’re publishing to platforms like YouTube in addition to traditional podcast episodes.

Scheduling and automation tools

Efficient podcast production often involves scheduling recordings and automating repetitive tasks. Look for recording software that includes calendar integrations or features that streamline the recording process, like automatic uploading to hosting platforms or easy sharing options for collaborative editing.

Learn optimal recording techniques

Microphone and laptop showing recording software

To produce podcast episodes that sound as if they were recorded in a professional recording studio, here are some refined techniques and considerations that will help you capture high quality audio:

Employ advanced microphone techniques

To record high quality audio, consider the proximity effect with dynamic mics. Getting closer to the microphone can boost the bass frequencies of your voice, lending a richer, more professional sound to your audio files. Always use a pop filter to mitigate plosives that can distort your sound.

Optimise your audio interface settings

A good audio interface can make a big difference in audio quality. Adjust the gain settings so that your recording levels peak around -6 dB to avoid clipping while maintaining a healthy signal-to-noise ratio. This setup is key for recording audio that’s clear and free of unwanted noise.

Implement strategic post-production enhancements

Use editing software to apply compression and EQ adjustments. Compression helps even out your audio recording levels, making your voice sound consistent throughout the podcast episode. EQ, on the other hand, can enhance clarity and remove low-frequency hums and buzzes.

Regularly update your software and firmware

Ensure that your digital audio workstation (DAW) and remote recording software are up to date. Software updates often include enhancements that can improve audio quality and introduce new features to help you manage and edit your audio tracks more effectively.

Tips on remote podcasting

High angle of people recording podcast

Remote podcasting has its unique set of challenges, but with the right approach and tools, you can produce episodes that rival in-studio recordings. Here are key strategies to ensure your remote recordings meet high standards of audio quality.

Select the right remote recording software

Choosing efficient remote recording software is crucial. Opt for platforms that offer high quality audio capture and the ability to record each participant on separate channels. This greatly aids in post-production, allowing you to edit each voice individually for clarity and consistency.

Prepare guests for recording

Ahead of a remote interview, provide your guests with a checklist to help them prepare their recording space. Encourage them to find a quiet room and use a decent USB microphone. This preparation reduces background noise and enhances sound quality. Additionally, conducting a brief pre-interview session to test their internet connection and audio setup can prevent technical issues during the actual recording.

Utilise headphones and advise guests to do the same

To avoid echo and feedback in your audio, it’s essential that both the podcast host and guests wear headphones. This simple step ensures that the microphone only picks up voices, not the audio output from speakers, which is crucial for maintaining professional audio quality.

Manage your recordings efficiently

During the session, monitor the audio tracks actively. If you notice any issues such as ambient noise or fluctuating levels, address them immediately, possibly by adjusting the guest’s microphone settings or recommending a quick change in their environment. Post-session, utilise your DAW to clean up the audio, balancing levels and using noise reduction tools as needed.

Consider professional podcasting studios

Podcasting studio

TYX podcast recording studio

If you have the budget, renting podcast recording studios can do all of the above. Using a professional podcasting studio can offer you a ton of advantages:

High-quality equipment – Professional studios are equipped with high-end microphones, soundboards, and editing software. This equipment typically exceeds what most individuals could afford or would want to maintain on their own.

Soundproofing – Studios are designed with soundproofing that can drastically reduce ambient noise. This ensures clear, crisp audio recordings that are free from interruptions and background disturbances.

Technical support – Most professional studios (like TYX) provide experienced technicians who can handle setup, monitoring, and troubleshooting. This support can be invaluable, especially for those new to podcasting.

Professional environment – Recording in a professional setting can enhance the credibility of your podcast. Guests often take sessions more seriously when recorded in a studio, potentially raising the quality of the content.

How to promote your podcast

Once you’ve mastered the recording process and your podcast episodes are polished to perfection, the next critical step is promotion. Effective marketing strategies can significantly boost your visibility and listener numbers. Here’s how to promote your podcast effectively, utilising a variety of digital tools and platforms.

Leverage social media platforms

Social media is a powerful tool for podcast promotion. Create engaging content that can be shared across platforms like Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook. Use snippets of your podcast, visually appealing graphics, and hashtags to reach a broader audience. Engaging with your listeners through these platforms can also build a community around your podcast.

Submit your podcast to major directories

Ensure your podcast is available where your audience is listening. Submit your audio files to popular platforms such as Apple Podcasts, Spotify, and Google Podcasts. Being accessible across multiple platforms increases your visibility and makes it easier for new listeners to find your podcast.

Check out our guide on how to start a podcast on Spotify.

Utilise SEO strategies

Optimise your podcast’s online presence by employing SEO strategies. Use relevant keywords in your podcast’s title, description, and metadata to improve its searchability. This approach helps in attracting organic traffic who are interested in your content.

Collaborate with other podcasters

Networking with other podcasters can open up opportunities for guest appearances, which is a great way to tap into each other’s audiences. Collaborations can also lead to sharing valuable insights and experiences that could enhance the quality and reach of your podcast.

Encourage listener engagement

Invite your audience to interact with your podcast by leaving reviews and comments. Encouraging listeners to engage not only fosters a loyal community but also enhances your visibility in podcast directories through active feedback, which can help attract new listeners.

Assess podcast analytics to enhance growth

Understanding and utilising podcast analytics is key to growing your audience and refining your content strategy. By analysing listener data, you can make informed decisions that propel your podcast to new heights. Here’s how to effectively use analytics to your advantage.

Monitor listener demographics and behaviour

Most podcast hosting platforms provide detailed analytics that include listener demographics, episode downloads, listening duration, and geographic data. By studying these metrics, you can identify which episodes perform well and understand the preferences of your audience.

Track engagement trends

Pay attention to how listeners interact with your podcast across various platforms. This includes not only downloads but also social media interactions and website traffic. Look for patterns in listener engagement to determine the best times to release new episodes and which topics garner the most interest.

Evaluate marketing effectiveness

Use analytics to assess the success of your promotional efforts. Tools like Google Analytics can track referrals and conversions from different marketing campaigns. This data helps you determine which promotional strategies work best and where to allocate your marketing budget.

Set measurable goals

Based on the insights gained from your analytics, set achievable, specific goals for your podcast. Whether it’s increasing listener numbers, boosting engagement in specific regions, or enhancing the quality of your episodes, having clear targets will guide your content and marketing strategies.

Regularly review and adapt

The podcast landscape is dynamic, so it’s crucial to regularly review your analytics and adapt your strategy accordingly. What works today might not work tomorrow, so stay flexible and ready to pivot your approach based on the latest data and trends.

How to sustain and monetise your podcast

Woman holding hand sign with pound symbol on it

Turning your podcast into a sustainable venture requires strategic planning and exploring various monetisation options. Here’s how you can generate revenue from your podcasting efforts and ensure its long-term viability.

Explore sponsorship and advertising

One of the most common ways to monetise a podcast is through sponsorships and advertisements. Partner with brands that align with your podcast’s theme and audience. You can offer to include sponsored messages in your episodes or promote products directly relevant to your listeners. This can provide a steady income stream if you maintain a consistent listener base.

Utilise affiliate marketing

Affiliate marketing involves promoting products or services and earning a commission on sales through affiliate links. Include these links in your podcast’s show notes or mention them during episodes. Choose affiliates that resonate with your content and audience to enhance the likelihood of conversions.

Offer premium content

Consider creating exclusive content available only to paying subscribers, such as bonus episodes, behind-the-scenes content, or ad-free versions of your podcast. Platforms like Patreon allow podcasters to set up subscription models where fans can support their favourite creators financially.

Conduct live events and workshops

Organising live events, workshops, or webinars can provide additional revenue streams. These events can be ticketed and offer more in-depth exploration of topics covered in your podcast, providing added value to your audience and an opportunity for personal interaction.

Sell merchandise

Develop and sell branded merchandise related to your podcast. This can include anything from T-shirts and mugs to more niche items like signed posters or specialty products tied to the content of your podcast. Merchandise not only helps in monetisation but also in building your brand and increasing visibility.

That wraps up our guide to how to record a podcast

At TYX, we’re here to support your podcasting efforts every step of the way. Whether you’re fine-tuning your first episode or expanding your audience, our resources are designed to enhance your podcasting experience.

Our London podcasting studio is designed to empower podcasters at all levels to produce high-quality audio content. Equipped with the latest recording technology, soundproofing, and professional-grade audio interfaces, our podcast recording studio provides optimal environments for both novices and veterans.

Enquire today to find out more.

 

OUR MOST ASKED QUESTIONS
Yes, like most podcast recording studios, we allow you to bring your own equipment if you prefer. However, it is important to inform the studio in advance about the specific equipment you plan to bring to ensure compatibility with our setup and to avoid any technical issues during recording.
The rental duration for a podcast recording studio typically depends on the studio’s availability and your specific needs. TYX studios offer hourly rates, as well as daily or weekly packages. It is advisable to discuss your requirements with the studio in advance to determine the most suitable booking option for your podcasting project.
TYX Studios team to complete.
🎥 Video:
- We deliver ATEM-recorded 1080P HD H.264 mp4 ISOs.
- You'll get a DaVinci Resolve project file with the live edit and those HD ISOs.
- Expect a 1080P HD H.264 mp4 live cut, seamlessly synced with audio from our DAW.

🎤 Audio:
- We record multichannel audio into a DAW as 24bit 48khz WAVs for crystal clear sound.

📹 4K:
- Fancy shooting in 4K BRAW? Just bring 3 reliable SSD drives (internal or external), and we'll record directly onto them. Due to their size, we won’t be able to email these 4K files.
For podcasting and voice-overs, we often use large-diaphragm condenser microphones. These provide the clarity and detail needed for vocal clarity, making them perfect for spoken word content.